8) Some examples for the Bible's concept of human equality:
A) All the patriarchs of the "chosen people" are described in the Bible as human beings with all the moral weakness of ordinary people. But their human dualism does not prevent God from choosing them as the founders of the nation that was chosen to spread His faith to all people.
B) The glorious King David, the ancestor of the Messiah, the redeemer of his people and of all humankind, is not exactly a pure angel and his sins include even murder. Interestingly, the Biblical story openly relates his ancestry, which is also the origin of the Messiah: On one side he is descended from incest between Lot and his daughters, and his other includes Judah who had a forbidden relationship with Tamar, his daughter in law.
C) The Bible makes sure that the descendants of the nation's leaders would not hold themselves superior to other people. It describes Samuel's sons as takers of bribery (Samuel I, 8, 3) and a grandson of Moses as a pagan priest (in the Book of Judges, 18, 30, the Hebrew text reads "Menashe", but the letter "Nun" is small, and the sages interpret it as an addition to "Moshe" - Moses.)
D) In an episode that inspired the legal philosophy of Classical Liberalism, God comforts Cain by telling him that his actions do not mean that he is worse than those who pretend to be good. He gives Cain a special mark to protect him from harm, blesses him with a loving family, with a son, after whose name the first city was called, and whose offsprings included the inventors of metallurgy, music and more.
(In some translations of the Bible have been introduced, in the text of this
affair, sentences that make its sense more childish and canonical. In the
New King James Version, Genesis 4:6. we read: "If you do well [will you
not be accepted?] And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door..." The
sentence in brackets does not appear in the Hebrew version.)
9) These terrible numbers do not include the soldiers and civilians who died in actual combat operations. See "Power Kills" in the Encyclopaedia of Genocide by the Institute of Holocaust and Genocide in Jerusalem, (http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/20TH.HTM).
10) Mussolini rose to power in 1922 and assumed absolute power in 1924. From 1938, when Italy came under Hitler's influence, due to its isolation by most of the imperial powers after the conquest of Ethiopia, the first anti-Semitic laws were passed in Italy. During World War II, around 8,000 of Italy's 45,000 Jews were deported to German extermination camps. The fascist regimes in Spain, Portugal and Argentina did not adopt racist policies, or divisions between good people and bad ones. Only Portugal comes after Britain in the list of 20th Century genocide champions in the essay "Power Kills" (Encyclopaedia of Genocide), and as it, in committing crimes against humanity in its overseas colonies.
The United States also comes close to join this list of genocide champions (Encyclopaedia of Genocide, Table 3, Pg. 25 - 30), if to the genocide in the Philippines is added the bombardments of civilian population in Germany and Japan. In all, around 2 million people were killed in genocide that democracies committed in the 20th Century.